Sumatriptan 100mg x6
Sumatriptan tablets are used to treat migraine headaches.
Symptoms of migraine may include;
- A throbbing headache on one side of the head
- Altered/disturbed vision
- Sensitivity to light and/or sound
Individual experiences of migraine vary from person to person as do the causes/triggers.
Being excessively tired, stressed, anxious or even hungry can lead to migraine. Certain food groups such as cheeses, red wine and caffeine have also been known to be common triggers of migraines.
Sumatriptan is effective at managing this symptom of migraine when taking quickly at the onset of initial symptoms.
Each Sumatriptan Film-Coated Tablet contains a single dose of sumatriptan, which belongs to a group of medicines called triptans (also known as 5-HT1 receptor agonists).
Sumatriptan is used to treat migraine headache.
Migraine symptoms may be caused by the temporary widening of blood vessels in the head. Sumatriptan is believed to reduce the widening of these blood vessels. This in turn helps to take away the headache and relieve other symptoms of a migraine attack, such as feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting) and sensitivity to light and sound.
How to take
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
When to take Sumatriptan
- It’s best to take Sumatriptan as soon as you feel a migraine coming on, although - you can take it at any time during an attack
- Do not use Sumatriptan to try to prevent an attack - only use it after your migraine symptoms start.
How much to take
Adults aged 18 to 65
- The usual dose for adults aged 18 to 65 is one Sumatriptan 50 mg film-coated tablet, swallowed whole with water. Some patients may need a 100 mg dose - you should follow your doctor’s advice.
Children under 18
Sumatriptan is not recommended for children under 18 years old.
Older people (aged over 65)
Sumatriptan is not recommended for people aged over 65.
If your symptoms start to come back
You can take a second Sumatriptan film-coated tablet if at least 2 hours have passed since the first tablet.
Do not take more than 300 mg in total in 24 hours.
If the first tablet has no effect
Do not take a second tablet or any other Sumatriptan preparation for the same attack. Sumatriptan can still be used for your next attack.
If Sumatriptan does not give you any relief:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
If you take more Sumatriptan than you should
Do not take more than six 50 mg tablets or three 100 mg tablets (that’s 300 mg in total) in 24 hours.
Taking too much Sumatriptan could make you ill. If you have taken more than 300 mg in 24 hours:
Contact your doctor for advice.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Side effects and Cautions
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. Some symptoms may be caused by the migraine itself.
Allergic reaction: get doctor’s help straight away
The following side effects have occurred but their exact frequency is not known.
The signs of allergy include rash, hives (itchy rash); wheezing; swollen eyelids, face or lips; complete collapse.
If you get any of these symptoms soon after using Sumatriptan:
Don’t use any more. Contact a doctor straight away.
Common side effects (affect up to 1 in 10 people)
Pain, heaviness, pressure or tightness in the chest, throat or other parts of the body, or unusual sensations, including numbness, tingling and warmth or cold. These effects may be intense but generally pass quickly.
If these effects continue or become severe (especially the chest pain):
Get medical help urgently. In a very small number of people these symptoms can be caused by a heart attack.
Other common side effects include:
Feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting), although this may be due to the migraine itself
Tiredness or drowsiness
Dizziness, feeling weak, or getting hot flushes
Temporary increase in blood pressure
Shortness of breath
Very rare side effects (affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
Liver function changes. If you have a blood test to check your liver function, tell your doctor that you are taking Sumatriptan.
Some patients may get the following side effects but it is not known how often they occur
Seizures/fits, tremors, muscle spasm, neck stiffness
Visual disturbances such as flickering, reduced vision, double vision, loss of vision, and in some cases even permanent defects (although these may be due to the migraine attack itself)
Heart problems, where your heartbeat may go faster, slower or change rhythm, chest pains (angina) or heart attack
Pale, blue-tinged skin and/or pain in your fingers, toes, ears, nose or jaw in response to cold or stress (Raynaud’s phenomenon)
Feeling faint (blood pressure may go down)
Pain in the lower left side of the stomach and bloody diarrhoea (ischaemic colitis)
Pain in the joints
If you had a recent injury or if you have inflammation (like rheumatism or inflammation of the colon) you may experience pain or pain worsening at the site of injury or inflammation.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme, website www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine
Cautions & Warnings
Do not take Sumatriptan:
• If you are allergic to sumatriptan or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
• If you have a heart problem such as narrowing of the arteries (Ischaemic heart disease) or chest pains (angina), or have already had a heart attack
• If you have circulation problems in your legs that cause cramp-like pains when you walk (peripheral vascular disease)
• If you have had a stroke or a mini-stroke (also called a transient ischaemic attack or TIA)
• If you have high blood pressure. You may be able to use Sumatriptan if your high blood pressure is mild and is being treated
• If you have serious liver disease
• With other migraine medicines, including those which contain ergotamine, or similar medicines such as methysergide maleate; or any triptan or 5HT1 agonist (such as naratriptan or zolmitriptan)
• With any of the following anti-depressants:
- MAOIs (monoamine oxidase inhibitors) or if you have taken an MAOI in the last 2 weeks
- SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) including citalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine and sertraline
- SNRIs (serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors) including venlafaxine and duloxetine
• For children under 18 years of age.
If any of these apply to you:
Tell your doctor, and do not take Sumatriptan Film-Coated Tablets.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Sumatriptan.
If you have any extra risk factors
• If you are a heavy smoker, or using nicotine replacement therapy, and especially
• If you are a man aged over 40, or
• If you are a woman who has been through the menopause.
In very rare cases, people have developed serious heart conditions after using Sumatriptan, even though they had no signs of heart disease before. If any of the points above applies to you it could mean you have a greater risk of developing heart disease - so:
Tell your doctor so that your heart function can be checked before Sumatriptan is prescribed for you.
If you have a history of fits (seizures)
Or if you have other conditions which might make it more likely that you’ll have a fit - for example, a head injury or alcoholism:
Tell your doctor so that you can be supervised more closely.
If you have liver or kidney disease
If you have an intolerance to some sugars
If any of these apply to you:
Tell your doctor so that you can be supervised more closely
If you are allergic to antibiotics called sulphonamides
If so, you may also be allergic to Sumatriptan. If you know you are allergic to an antibiotic but you are not sure
whether it is a sulphonamide:
Tell your doctor or pharmacist before using Sumatriptan.
If you are taking anti-depressants called SSRIs
(Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) or SNRIs (Seratonin Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors)
Tell your doctor or pharmacist before using Sumatriptan. Also see Other medicines and Sumatriptan, below.
If you use Sumatriptan frequently.
Using Sumatriptan too often may make your headaches worse.
Tell your doctor if this applies to you. He or she may recommend you stop using Sumatriptan.
If you feel pain or tightness in your chest after you use Sumatriptan
These effects may be intense but they usually pass quickly. If they do not pass quickly, or they become severe:
Get medical help immediately. Section 4 has more information about these possible side effects.
Other medicines and Sumatriptan
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking/using, have recently taken/used or might take/use any other medicines.
Some medicines must not be taken with Sumatriptan and others may cause adverse effects if they are taken with Sumatriptan.
You must tell your doctor if you are taking:
• ergotamine also used to treat migraine, or similar medicines such as methysergide (see section 2 Do not take Sumatriptan). Do not use Sumatriptan at the same time as these medicines. Stop taking these medicines at least 24 hours before using Sumatriptan. Do not take any medicines which contain ergotamine or compounds similar to ergotamine again for at least 6 hours after using Sumatriptan.
• other triptans/5-HT1 receptor agonists (such as naratriptan, rizatriptan, zolmitriptan), also used to treat migraine, (see section 2 Do not use Sumatriptan). Do not use Sumatriptan at the same time as these medicines. Stop taking these medicines at least 24 hours before using Sumatriptan. Do not take another triptan/5-HT1 receptor agonist again for at least 24 hours after using Sumatriptan.
• MAOIs used to treat depression. Do not use Sumatriptan if you have taken these in the last 2 weeks
• SSRIs and SNRIs used to treat depression. Using Sumatriptan with these medicines can cause serotonin syndrome (a collection of symptoms which can include restlessness, confusion, sweating, hallucinations, increased reflexes, muscle spasms, shivering, increased heartbeat and shaking). Tell your doctor immediately if you are affected in this way.
• St John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum). Taking herbal remedies that contain St John’s Wort together with Sumatriptan may make side effects more likely.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
• If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine. There is only limited information about the safety of Sumatriptan for pregnant women, though up until now there is no evidence of any increased risk of birth defects. Your doctor will discuss with you whether or not you should use Sumatriptan while you are pregnant
• Do not breastfeed your baby for 12 hours after using Sumatriptan. If you express any breast milk during this time, discard the milk and do not give it to your baby.
Driving and using machines
Either the symptoms of migraine or your medicine may make you drowsy. If you are affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
Sumatriptan contains lactose
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
Patient information leaflet
You can find the patient information leaflet here